It is a rare sighting to see a fully grown avocado tree if you are not living in Central America or Mexico (California and Florida in the USA). Many people have tried to grow one in their own environment and have failed. However this is a reason to try harder, not to give up.
Avocado tree can grow up 70 feet in height, with leaves which are about 5 to 10 inches long. Avocado tree has small greenish-yellow flowers. The pear-shaped fruit is about 4 to 9 inches long, weighting between 4 oz to 34 oz, and has 1 single seed in the center.
However, you shouldn’t worry about the height. Your avocado won’t grow that tall.
How to grow avocado from seed or pit
The trick to growing the avocado tree is getting a pit from an overripe avocado. There are some stores that will put their overripe avocados on sale, making it more available to you.
Follow the instructions listed below on how to grow avocado tree.
- Remove the seed and wash off all the green remains from the fruit.
- Dry the seed by gently dubbing it with paper towel.
- Stab the seed gently with 3 toothpicks at around 1/3 of the height.
- Place the avocado seed or pit with point up in a jar filled with tepid water.
- Place the jar in a warm place but take care not to place it under direct sunlight.
- Check the water level regularly and make sure that at least 1 inch of the pit is in water.
- In 4 to 6 weeks, the pit will split. Stem will sprout from the top and roots will begin to grow at bottom. If you haven’t noticed a change in the pit so far, throw the pit out and buy another avocado and start all over.
- When the stem grows up to 6 inches you can cut it down to 3 just to strengthen the stem. As time passes by, there will be more leaves and more roots.
- After 3 more weeks you will need to plant the avocado seedling. Grab a medium size flower pot and put in some enriched potting soil up to about an inch to the top. Make a hole in the middle by pushing the soil down with your finger and put the pit in. Make sure that the top stays above the dirt level and the stem is straight up.
Watering is pretty much normal. Just make sure the soil is wet, but not muddy.
As the avocado loves sunlight, it would be smart to put in near a window. This will provide the necessary sunlight.
Just to recap make sure you take care of the following points:
- The tree will grow bigger if it is exposed to more sunlight.
- Water lightly on regular basis, making sure that the soil is moist.
- If the leaves are getting yellowish, you are over-watering.
- If the leaves are getting brownish and fry at the tips, the soil might have accumulated too much salt. To fix this, let the water run freely into the pot, and drain.
When your avocado tree reaches the height of about 12 inches high, cut it down to 6 inches. This will cause the tree to grow sideways and to have more leaves.
Soon after that you should have a beautiful leafy avocado tree. The tree should provide fruits in about 7 to 15 years.
As this is a room variety of the plant, the fruits won’t be totally the same. They may vary in size and taste.